Jain Tirthankaras

Jain 24 Tirthankaras

01. Bhagavan Rishabhadev
02. Bhagavan Ajitnath
03. Bhagavan Sambhavanath
04. Bhagavan Abhinandannath
05. Bhagavan Sumatinath
06. Bhagavan Padmaprabha
07. Bhagavan Suparshvanath
08. Bhagavan Chandraprabha
09. Bhagavan Pushpadanta
10. Bhagavan Sitalanath
11. Bhagavan Sreyamsanath
12. Bhagavan Vasupujya
13. Bhagavan Vimalanath
14. Bhagavan Anantanath
15. Bhagavan Dharmanath
16. Bhagavan Santinath
17. Bhagavan Kunthunath
18. Bhagavan Aranath
19. Bhagavan Mallinath
20. Bhagavan Munisuvrata
21. Bhagavan Naminath
22. Bhagavan Neminath
23. Bhagavan Prashvanath
24. Bhagavan Mahavira

(1st Jain Tirthankara)
Bhagavan Rishabhadev

Bhagavan Rishabha the first Thirthankara's life is repeated verbatim also in the non -Jaina puranas, for example Bhagavatha purna fifth skanda, in Vishnupurna and Vayupurana. All these Hindu puranas maintain that Lord Rishabha preached the doctrine of Ahimsa after performing yoga for several years.
Name ............................ Rishabha nath (Adinath)
Father's Name ........ Nabhiraja
Mother's Name .......... .Marudevi
Birth Place ... ............... Ayodhya
Birth Thithi ... ...............Chaitra krishna. 8
Diksha Thithi ... ...........Chaitra krishna. 8
Kevalgyan Thithi.. ......falgun krishna. 8
Naksharta .. .................Uttrashadha
Diksha Sathi ... ......... ..4000
Shadhak Jeevan ... . ..1,00,000 purva Age
Lived ... ................ 84,00,000 purva
Lakshan Sign ... ....... .Vrushabha (Bull)
Neervan Place ... ...... .Asthapad
Neervan Sathi ... ........ 10000
Neervan Thithi ... ....... .Magh Krishna 14
Colour ..................... Golden-Yellow

According to jaina tradition, he wa a hero of the Ikshvaku family Ayodhya. His father was King Nabhiraja and his mother Queen Marudevi. He was married to Sumangla and Sunanda. Sumangla gave birth to Bharat, who later became a Chakravarti king . Sunanda gave birth to a child who came to be known as Bahubali. Adinath had one hundred sons and two daughters, who were named Brahmi and Sundari. It is believed that all civilization developed from the teachings of Adinath. He taught people how they could obtain food by tilling the soil, that they should take up to agriculture for the production of food. He taught some other people to carry this agriculture produce to different peoples and supply to those that were in need. He again set apart a numbered of able-bodied men for the purpose of defense. Thus he was the first king to establish the institutions of marriage, agriculture, the arts, and weaponry. He ruled for thousands of years and after he divided his kingdom among his sons and departed to take up an ascetic way of life to perform Tapas. After the practice of Tapas for several years, he attained Kevalagyana or Omniscience. When Adinath renounced his kingdom, thousands of people followed him into the ascetic life. Whenever they went for alms, people offered them gold, jewels, ornaments, etc. But no one offered them food. Thus, many of his followers could not tolerate the starvation. They began asking for food, and then they left to form their own groups. This was the beginning of many sects. (According to the Jain faith, Tirthankaras remained silent until they achieved perfection.) Adinath also went without food for an entire year. Then he went to his grandson Shreyans kingdom (Hastinapur). His grandson offered him sugarcane juice, which he accepted. Hastinapur is still considered a holy place, and even today Jains make pilgrimages to this site to break ritual fasts (with sugarcane juice). After becoming enlightened (Perfect), He broke his silence and preached for many years, telling how to escape the cycle of birth and death and achieve eternal bliss. Bhagwan Adinath achieved Nirvana on the mountain of Kailash in the Himalayas when he was in complete Samadhi. The symbol of Adinath is a Bull (Rishabh) so he is known as Rishabha Dev. The discoveries resulting from the excavations of Harappa and Mohenjodara, we have nude images of a yogi considered to be idols used for worship by the people of the Indus Valley Civilization. Also the symbol of bull is found in abundance in coins and seals belonging to that period. Hence it will be consistent to maintain that the religious life of people of Indus Valley Civilization must have been associated with the Rishabha cult which must have been prevalent throughout the land from Himalayas down to Cape Comorian and further South in Lanka.

No comments: